With the Scottish government yesterday (28 January) confirming its landfill tax rates for the next financial year, all the UK nations – as is currently the case – will have the same rate for 2021/2022.
Coming into force from the beginning of April, the new rate announced for Scotland is: £96.70 per tonne for standard rate landfill tax and £3.10 for the lower ‘inert’ rate. These are the same figures announced for Wales in December and for England and Northern Ireland last spring.
Both the Scottish and Welsh government have commented that by keeping the tax rates the same across the UK, it will not encourage waste tourism. Lower charges in any country are seen as possibly attracting waste disposal to landfill to avoid any higher landfill tax rate.
Landfill tax rates across the UK will have risen by inflation, rounded to the nearest five pence. Currently (2020/2021) the rate is £94.15 per tonne and the lower rate is £3.00.
The Scottish tax rate came in documents for the country’s budget which was unveiled by the finance secretary, Kate Forbes. Ms Forbes said: “It is a budget that delivers a national mission for new, good, and green jobs, backed by a large-scale and transformational programme of infrastructure investment, to boost skills and employment opportunities for all, with a supportive tax environment to deliver inclusive growth across all of Scotland.”
The budget documents also give an aim of the Scottish Government as: “to diversify our economy, create good, green jobs, and to lead the world in transitioning to net-zero.”
In England, HMRC now levies the landfill tax on waste illegally deposited equivalent to the landfill tax avoided. In Wales £145.05 per tonne for illegal waste deposits, as part of a ‘penalty’ process. Known as the ‘unauthorised disposals rate’, the Welsh government has set this at £145.05 for 2021/2022.
UK government commentary on the landfill tax states: “Landfill Tax was introduced on 1 October 1996 to encourage waste producers and the waste management industry to switch to more sustainable alternatives for disposing of material. There is a lower rate of tax, which applies to less polluting qualifying materials covered by two Treasury Orders, and a standard rate which applies to all other taxable material disposed of at authorised landfill sites. Previously, the tax applied across the UK but from 1 April 2015 it was devolved in Scotland and from 1 April 2018 in Wales.”